Survey of smoking studies, attitudes and exercise at school students inside the Honduras

Survey of smoking studies, attitudes and exercise at school students inside the Honduras

Richard T Hamner, Steven H Stumpf, Survey from smoking studies, perceptions and exercise in school youngsters in Honduras, Family Practice, Frequency 18, Matter six, pra/18.6.627


Steps. A beneficial twelve-product questionnaire was applied in the classroom to help you fifth and you can sixth values children. An element of the result strategies was indeed a reason off demographic circumstances, personal smoking sense, expertise in health problems, attitudes about cigarette smoking and sensed sourced elements of information.

Abilities. All in all, 225 youngsters was in fact surveyed. The vast majority of had been conscious smoking is actually bad for health, and most said never that have smoked. Extremely seen puffing since unattractive. Family and friends were selected while the big way to obtain suggestions.

Conclusions. Youngsters here away from Honduras are aware of the health risks out-of smoking and watch puffing because the ugly.

Hamner RT and you may Stumpf SH. Survey out-of smoking studies, thinking and practice at school youngsters in the Honduras. Members of the family Behavior 2001; 18: 627–628.


The nation is within the middle off a cig crisis given that multinational smoke businesses seek out this new developing business to change shrinking markets into the developed regions. 1 It is predict one to into the earliest quarter millennium, what amount of smokers increase from the an one half billion, and the level of yearly cigarette smoking-related deaths often more than multiple in order to ten mil, that have developing places distress the best feeling. 2

Asia, the biggest current market for smoking, was “considered to be inside an early stage of one’s tobacco epidemic”. 3 Latin America features lagged about Asia from inside the financial development. Honduras is amongst the poorest countries regarding the west hemisphere. Below step 1% out-of to another country cigarette smoking conversion process was to Latin The united states for the 1988. 4 It’s been suggested one development regions regarding very first values could be the very rewarding section to possess preventive measures. 5

Probably the most insidious facet of the smoking industry’s need build long-title smokers is the have to address and you may nut pupils. six Even though there is much information about per capita smoking pricing, there clearly was a good paucity of information out of people from inside the developing places. Our writeup on the newest literary works yielded zero similar typed surveys off tobacco education, attitudes and exercise in Latin-american school children.


A get older-compatible, 12-items questionnaire was created handling tobacco use during the five domain names: personal play with; seen health impression; idea sourced elements of suggestions; and you may feeling out-of smoking. Other stuff gathered personality studies. This new survey is applied to any or all of the youngsters found in the brand new fifth and you can sixth grade categories anyway five colleges located on Los Pinos town during November 1996. Los Pinos try an enthusiastic impoverished area to the outskirts of one’s financial support town of Tegucigalpa. Surveys have been done anonymously through the class day when you are proctored of the investigators.


A total of 225 studies have been collected. Every available research was checked. There have been all in all, 146 (59 men, 87 female) 5th graders surveyed having an indicate chronilogical age of eleven many years; and 79 (30 men, 44 females) sixth graders with an indicate age several ages. Survey responses approaching new four domain names was advertised during the Desk step 1 .

The brand new answers don’t differ between grade membership and you may was basically aggregated. Likewise, brand new responses towards questions toward resources of recommendations were the fresh same for both pros and cons of smoking, thus was indeed shared. Because this stands for the results off a couple of separate inquiries, only the proportions are included in the table.

A lot of the students claimed that have never ever used and realized one smoking was harmful to wellness. Students mainly spotted puffing since unsightly and identified friends and family because an initial supply of suggestions.


Some of the children interviewed reported which have used. The new questionnaire is actually anonymous however, administerd throughout the class, and regularly into teacher introduce. These circumstances might have triggered youngsters maybe not reporting actual puffing habits correctly.

Our survey conclusions suggest that pre-adolescent youngsters within the Honduras know the health threats posed from the smoking. Although not, exposure feeling by yourself seems to be shortage of to help you discourage puffing. On the other hand, particular accounts show risk feeling are physically, perhaps not inversely synchronised to help you puffing cost inside the young people. 7

It appears that really children we surveyed have not read so you’re able to representative puffing into glamour and you can machismo depicted into the cigarette smoking marketing, like this embodied for the ‘Marlboro Man’.

The newest survey signifies that friends and family was a significant provider of data. Comparable outcomes for types of information on ‘advantages’ in place of ‘disadvantages’ out of smoking could possibly get portray the shortcoming of the youngsters to help you discriminate between these values. Our research are limited by the skill of school-aged college students to test conceptual concepts, and come up with value judgments regarding the benefits and drawbacks away from smoking.

All of our survey take to is short. Our research are restricted then of the not approaching brand new proportion away from pupils when you look at the Los Pinos exactly who sit-in college, and/or part of youngsters enrolled who were in reality for the attendance during the newest survey. And therefore the results might only mirror brand new perceptions of your students found in school that can never be generalizable to all from the kids here.

Expertise in the usa together with profile from development places indicate you to smoke taxation and you can personal health regulations is strong deterrents in order to smoking. 8 Within the 1987, smoking is prohibited about building of Honduran Assistant from Health. From inside the 1988, a national panel is molded to advertise puffing cessation and you can avoidance.

It is guaranteeing discover one youngsters we surveyed within the Honduras are aware of the health threats of the puffing. We have to still hold the statutes into the developing nations one to regulation and contains the brand new puffing crisis. Specifically productive seems to-be tips that manage students out of cigarette paign facing puffing is defuse a public fitness go out-bomb before it becomes an overwhelming social wellness drama.

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